Sustainability challenge and related SDGs:
Innovation has shaped much of today’s world. Looking back, we can identify several life-changing, world-altering innovations coming from private companies. A market-based economy is considered to foster innovation. It certainly has its fair share in solving problems and thereby raising wealth and life quality in many parts of the world over the last 50 to 100 years.
Nevertheless, innovation does not automatically lead to a positive impact on society and/or nature. Commonly it had, and still often has, many unintended side effects. For example, the invention of the combustion engine not only brought a huge increase in mobility, worldwide logistics, and many positive side effects for society, but it is also one of the main causes of the climate crisis.
Fossil fuel exploitation not only brought us warm homes but also huge CO2 emissions and often a loss of nature. The invention of the internet brought us closer together and democratized knowledge all over the world, but also had many negative side effects e.g., increased spread of fake news and conspiracy theories or cyberbullying.
Nontheless, innovation must play a fundamental role in solving today’s major challenges. We need innovation to solve the climate crisis, reverse nature loss, spark inclusive economic development and fight major diseases, inequalities, and hunger. SDG 9 “Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure” targets such positive innovation for a better and more sustainable world.
- 9.Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure