Over the past century, fossil fuels have become the dominant energy source. While they have fuelled economic growth for the last 100+ years, the burning of fossil fuels has led to an increase in greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere. These emissions are the principal cause of the drastic changes in today’s climate, leading to more extreme weather events and temperature increases. Moving away from fossil fuels is one of the most urgent actions needed to tackle the climate crisis.
SDG 13 calls for immediate action to address the impacts of human-induced climate change. The goal urges increased efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and strengthen resilience to climate risks. To overcome the global climate crisis, SDG 13 aims to achieve net zero emissions by 2050, i.e., all production and consumption is (net) carbon neutral. To achieve this, the recommendation is to phase out fossil fuels, such as coal, oil and gas, and switch to renewable energy sources such as wind, solar and hydro power. SDG 13 is also concerned with strengthening resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters, as well as education and institutional capacity for sustainable development.
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