Sustainability challenge and related SDGs
Whether a bacterium, a virus, a parasite or a fungus – the human immune system can fight off many pathogens that invade the body by producing antibodies to defend itself, which persist long after the infection and provide long-lasting protection (immunity). When the human body first comes into contact with a pathogen, the immune system reacts and produces antibodies. Although this takes a while, once the protection (immunity) is there, it lasts long after the infection. If the pathogen is capable of causing severe disease in the worst case, the infection can be fatal.
Time and again it happens that certain pathogens spread particularly quickly. If a disease occurs with unexpectedly high frequency in a region it is called an epidemic. If this wave of disease covers the entire globe it becomes a pandemic. On 11 March 2020 the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared Covid-19 a pandemic. There are many historic examples of worldwide waves of disease such as the plague or the Spanish flu. The latter claimed many millions of lives and was the most destructive pandemic in human history.
Primarily impacted SDGs: 3
Possible solutions and their contribution to achieving the SDGs
Vaccines help the body to defend itself against pathogens. The vaccine is introduced into the body often via an injection to preventively familiarise the immune system with the characteristics of a pathogen. The body can then produce antibodies in advance before a real infection occurs.
#Vaccines are among the most important and effective preventive medicines available. Thanks to them diseases such as smallpox have been eradicated and polio, diphtheria or rubella brought to the brink of extinction. Nowadays, vaccines support the immune system in fighting diseases such as measles, mumps or even hepatitis B and yellow fever. By promoting research and development of medicines against communicable and non-communicable diseases companies contribute to the sub-goals of SDG 3 “Good health and well-being”.
Primarily related SDG Targets: 3.3, 3.8, 3b
Investment Rationale and Growth Potential
At the latest since the COVID-19 pandemic, it has become clear what an enormous importance the biotech and pharmaceutical industry has. This industry contributes to the containment and control of diseases and the continuation of life. The biotech and pharmaceutical industry is growing, and it is opening new markets, because one thing is certain: germs will always exist, and the next pandemic will come.