Sustainability challenge and related SDGs:
For over 100 years, fossil fuels have been the most important energy sources for industry and the economy. To this day, they fuel global economic growth but are also the largest single contributor to the emission of greenhouse gases that lead to climate change. For this reason, policy makers almost everywhere in the world are focusing on reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
In all sectors, numerous options have been identified that have the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere. In particular, the energy sector, which accounts for about 73.2% (electricity, cooling/heating, transport) of global greenhouse gas emissions, has a great deal of leverage, according to the IPCC report. Renewable energies (e.g., wind, water, solar) should replace fossil fuels in future. However, since renewable energy resources often do not provide constant power, energy storage will play a key role in mitigating climate change.
- 7.Affordable and Clean Energy
- 13.Climate Action